What is diabetes in dogs?

Diabetes is a frequent illness in dogs. Insulin deficiency diabetes is the most common type of diabetes in dogs. It happens when the pancreas is damaged or not functioning properly. Insulin resistant diabetes can occur in older, obese dogs. Female dogs can also develop temporary insulin resistance while in heat or pregnant. It is therefore usually advised to neuter female dogs with diabetes.

Diabetes in dogs is treatable with insulin shots, diet changes, and frequent exercise. Your dog’s veterinarian will work together with you to create a customised treatment plan for your dog.

What causes diabetes?

A decrease in insulin production is mainly caused by pancreatic damage. The pancreas is responsible for producing an accurate amount of insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. In certain dogs, hormonal changes or medicine can limit insulin’s effectiveness. Long-term or perhaps life-threatening complications may emerge if your dog’s pancreas is damaged, and it must be addressed immediately.

The following factors increase your dog’s likelihood of developing diabetes:

  1. Physical condition – Diabetes is more typical in overweight or obese dogs.
  2. Age – Diabetes can strike dogs at any age, although the average age of diagnosis is about eight years.
  3. Breed – Several dog breeds are more prone to diabetes than others, including Samoyeds, Miniature Schnauzers, Miniature Poodles, and Bichon Frise.

Other factors to consider: poor diet, hormone imbalances, and stress.

Does my dog have diabetes?

Diabetes symptoms are difficult to identify since they are similar to those of other conditions such as renal disease. According to the Animal Trust, classic early indicators of diabetes include:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Weight loss despite normal or increased appetite

As the disease advances, there are other symptoms you may notice:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Lack of energy
  • Lethargy
  • Vomiting
  • Vision difficulties and cataracts

Treatment and the importance of Nutrition

While there is no cure for diabetic mellitus, the PDSA advises pet owners that medication, exercise, and correct diet can help control canine diabetes.

Balanced nutrition is critical for diabetes treatment as well as your dog’s general health and well-being. When your dog has diabetes, it’s even more significant that you feed them the correct dog food on a continuous basis. Feeding your dog, a healthy diet with a constant nutritional composition can help maintain their metabolism steady and healthy.

Fibre is incredibly beneficial in disease management since small to high amounts of fibre can reduce insulin needs and blood glucose levels. Fibre also improves insulin responsiveness in the body.

Consistency is important, so food, exercise, and, if necessary, medicine should all take place at the same time each day. This contributes to the maintenance of healthy blood glucose levels. For further guidance, please speak to your veterinarian who will be able to advise you.

If you believe your dog has diabetes, you should see your vet as soon as possible. Diabetes may be managed and cared for in dogs, allowing them to live happy and healthy lives.

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